Although many general considerations in this module are relevant to all research, there are a few special things to consider when writing a literature note in your discipline. In the following sections, you will find additional information and advice for writing a review of literature in certain disciplines. When you fill in your matrix, you`ll get a clearer view of how different sources are related and you`ll recognize patterns that may not have been immediately visible before. You can see, for example. B, a correlation between sample sizes and types of conclusions or between certain types of objectives and the methods used to resolve them. It may be useful to reflect on the critical element of literature, which consists of four parts. The first is a reference to the field or discipline to which research will contribute. The second is a summary of the main questions, approaches or conclusions accepted in your thematic field in the field or discipline currently (“What is known”). This summary of existing research serves as a contrast to underline the importance of the third part, your statement on a “empty.” In the fourth part, this “gap” is reworded in the form of a research question, objective, objective or hypothesis. In scientific and technical disciplines, including medicine and health sciences, literary criticism is often closer to a particular discipline or field of research than to the humanities. Now that we have looked at some examples of concepts and their indicators, it is important to note that the selection of indicators is not an arbitrary process. As noted above, using previous theoretical and empirical work in your field of interest is a great way to identify indicators in a scientific way.
Theories guide you to relevant concepts and potential indicators. Empirical work will give you some very concrete examples of how important concepts have been measured in one area in the past and the types of indicators used. Often it is useful to use the same indicators as previous researchers, but you may find that some previous measurements have potential weaknesses that can overcome your own methodological approach. Depending on the research project, your action may be something you submit to a survey or a pre-test/follow-up that you give to your participants. For a variable such as age or income, a well-worded question may suffice. Unfortunately, most variables in the social world are not as simple. Depression and satisfaction are multidimensional variables because they contain several elements. Asking someone “Are you depressed?” does not include the complexity of depression, including problems with mood, sleep, food, relationships and happiness. If you ask someone, “Are you satisfied with the services you have received?”, in the same way, several dimensions of satisfaction are omitted, such as news, respect, satisfaction of needs and the likelihood of recommending to a friend, among many others. The first component, the variable, should be the simplest part. At this point in quantitative research, you should have a research question that has at least one independent variable and at least one dependent variable.
Keep in mind that variables should be able to vary. For example, the United States is not a variable. The country of birth is a variable, as is patriotism. Similarly, if your sample only includes men, sex is a constant in your study… no variable. Bringing their concepts through the stages of identification, design and operation is a matter of increasing specificity. You start the research process with a general interest, then you identify some essential concepts, you work on defining those concepts, and then you define exactly how you will measure them. In quantitative research, this last step is called operationalization.
Scholars write about… (problem zone) in the field … (discipline or sub-discipline, part one) observed that …