Apart from this reading of the tea leaves, Duterte cannot in principle have a single discretion to decide the fate of the VFA. Senior leaders in the Philippine Senate, particularly the president of the Senate, an ally of Duterte, have launched a petition asking the Supreme Court to ascertain whether Duterte has the unilateral power to denounce the deal. The petition calls for the executive and the legislature to agree on such a decision. Despite the court decision, President Salvador Panelo`s spokesman said: “We will follow the Supreme Court. No matter what the law says, we will follow. However, the Supreme Court tends to favour Duterte. The U.S.-Philippine Alliance, created in 1951 by the Mutual Defense Treaty, he was no stranger to stress tests – whether it was the renegotiation of basic agreements in the 1970s or the closure of U.S. military facilities in the early 1990s (which, as we recall, led to the 1999 VFA after the growing perception of the Philippine threat to China). From this point of view, the takeover of Duterte`s presidency has provoked the Alliance`s biggest test of resistance in decades, striving to separate Manila from Washington and maintain closer relations with China and Russia, which are in some obstacles, but which still lead to periodic crises and the slowdown in U.S.-Philippine cooperation in some areas. A3: Both countries signed the VFA in 1998. It offers simplified access procedures in the Philippines for U.S. service providers on official stores (for example. B U.S.-Philippines bilateral training or military exercises), and it provides a number of procedures to solve problems that may be present due to the U.S. military in the Philippines.
Duterte`s cabinet also appear to have serious reservations about his VFA decision. They tried to discuss their concerns with him cautiously, but they understood that they probably will not change their minds. In order to make their views more attractive, they probably tried to emphasize the importance of the VFA for maintaining assistance to U.S. special forces in the fight against terrorist operations in the southern Philippines against the jihadists. The agreement contains various procedural safeguards to protect due process rights and prohibit dual threats.  [VIII 2-6] The agreement also exempts Filipino personnel from visa formalities and ensures expedited entry and exit;  [IV] requires the United States to accept Philippine driver`s licenses;  [V] authorizes Philippine personnel to carry weapons to U.S. military facilities during deployment;  [VI] provides for exemptions and import/export duties for Filipino personnel;  [X, XI] requires the United States to provide medical care to Filipino personnel;  [XIV] and exempts Philippine vehicles, ships and aircraft from landing or port charges, shipping or overflight charges, road tolls or any other charge for U.S. use.