Forms of partnership have developed that can limit the liability of a partner. A close look at medieval trade in Europe shows that many important credit-based exchanges did not bear interest. Therefore, pragmatism and common sense demanded fair compensation for the risk of lending money and compensation for the opportunity cost of lending money without using it for other fruitful purposes. In order to circumvent the laws on usury promulgated by the Church, other forms of reward were created, especially through the widespread form of partnership called commenda, which is very popular among Italian commercial bankers.  Florentine commercial banks were almost certain to get a positive return on their loans, but this would be before considering solvency risks. Although the federal government does not have specific legal law for the formation of partnerships, it does have an extensive legal and regulatory system for the taxation of partnerships, which is defined in the Internal Revenue Code (IRC) and the Code of Federal Regulations.  The IRC defines federal tax obligations for partnership transactions, which effectively serve as federal regulation for certain aspects of partnerships. Partnerships recognized by a government agency may derive specific benefits from tax policy. Among developed countries, for example, business partnerships are often preferred to companies when it comes to tax policy, as dividend taxes are only payable on profits before being distributed to partners. However, depending on the structure of the corporation and the jurisdiction in which it operates, the owners of a partnership may face greater personal liability than they would as shareholders of a corporation. In these countries, partnerships are often governed by antitrust laws aimed at impeding monopolistic practices and promoting free competition in the market. However, the application of the laws is very different.
Government-recognized national partnerships generally also benefit from tax advantages. 2) Partnership is a competing issue. Partnership contracts are included in Entry No. 7 of List III of the Constitution of India (the list represents the subjects on which the state government and the central (national) government can legislate, i.e. . .